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Gea Norvegica Unesco Global Geopark,Skien

Type:Other attractions

3724, Skien

Add Gea Norvegica Unesco Global Geopark,Skien to your Itinerary

Gea Norvegica Unesco Global Geopark,Skien

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About

Skien is a community with an exceptional geological diversity. A tour across the Skien-Gjerpendalen valley is a tour through 1500 million years of geological history.

To the west and northwest of the city Centre lies ancient basement rock. These rocks are old, more than 1000 million years, with traces of mountain building that took place perhaps more than 1500 million years ago. In the Gjerpensdalen valley one sees a combination of limestone’s overlain by marine clay.

The limestone ridges trend in a north-south direction, and they represent a seafloor formed in an ancient tropical sea. About 450 million years ago, the continental plate that Norway lies on was located south of the equator. The continental plate was largely covered by a sea, in which many plants and animals lived. Many of the animals had calcareous shells, and it is the remains of these calcareous shells that form the ridges, layer by layer. On Kapitelberget, the Krypt Church is built in the remains of a coral reef from this time.

The marine clays in Gjerpensdalen valley were formed in an artic fjord some thousands of years ago. When the big ice sheet that covered Scandinavia 12,000 years ago melted, sea water flowed in over our depressed land. The clays help to make the soil fertile. Another contribute to the fertility of the soil the basalts to the south of the valley. The basalts are lavas that flowed out from the volcanoes about 300 million years ago. There is lush leafy vegetation on these volcanoes deposits, that is very visible in the terrain.

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Contact

Tel: 91388445

What's Nearby

  1. Gjerpen Church lies on the northern edge of Skien and is a beautiful romanesque stone…

    596 m away
  2. Lie cemetery with Lietorvet shopping center in Skien, was given in 1841 as a gift from…

    839 m away
  3. Skien church was completed in 1894 after the great town fire.

    979 m away
  1. Telemark Kunstsenter (Telemark Art Senter) is a center of competence for professional…

    980 m away
  2. The Norges Bank building was built close to Skien church.

    1.00 km away
  3. Mosaikk - hidden pearls in the centre of Skien.

    1.06 km away
  4. Altenburggården

    The first owner of Altenburggården was probably Johan Altenburg, Henrik Ibsen's…

    1.18 km away
  5. The manor house at Søndre Brekke is truly magnificent.

    1.20 km away
  6. Their gallery is in the Cultural Centre called Ibsenhuset, which opened in 1973.

    1.20 km away
  7. The Ibsen Steps were restored in April 1995.

    1.23 km away
  8. Ibsenhuset was officially opened on 9 September 1973 and at the time was Norway’s most…

    1.27 km away
  9. Ibsenhuset is named after Skien's famous son, Henrik Ibsen.

    1.27 km away
  10. In this building, in the corner room on the 2nd floor, Henrik Ibsen was born.

    1.28 km away
  11. Brekkeparken is one lovely place to visit, beautiful garden and great views of the town…

    1.30 km away
  12. Brekkeparken in Skien municipality is part of the Telemark Museum.

    1.31 km away
  13. Børsesjø is a protected nature reserve located at the northern end of Gjerpensdalen in…

    1.31 km away
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